Psoriasis is a long term skin disease, it causes skin cells to develop much quickly than normal rates and it results in different types of patches which appear on the skin. It commonly occurs when the immune system of the body mistakes normal skin cell and fails to send signals that cause overproduction of new skin cells. It is not contagious, however, it has been associated to an increased hazard of stroke and high blood pressure.
One kind of psoriasis is Scalp psoriasis. It is a common kind of psoriasis. It produces elevated, reddish and sometimes scaly patches. These patches caused by the scalp psoriasis are mostly present on all over the scalp, a bit beyond the scalp, forehead and behind the ears. This disorder is not contagious. The precise causes behind it are uncertain, but few assumptions, like the immune system is not functioning properly and/or genetic disorder is plausible. Various factors such as oxidative stress, depression, systemic corticosteroid withdrawal and other environment factors have shown statistical implication in aggravating psoriasis.
According to a research, 7.5 million American people are considered to be affected with the psoriasis. And nearly 50% are suffering from scalp psoriasis. Another fact is that most of them are also carrying the psoriasis of another kind.
Scalp psoriasis is a less intense type of psoriasis.
Although, it can be mild and unnoticeable sometimes, it can also be served, long lasting, causing thick and produce a very disgusting appearance. It sometimes goes totally unnoticed and sometimes severe causing intense itching and presenting several problems for the affected person, like sleep deprivation, hair loss and feelings of embarrassment and shame.
There are few symptoms of this disease that can be apparent in various forms. These can be easily self-assessed.
The symptoms of scalp psoriasis are:
Mild to immense itching
Plaques and scales
If the above mentioned symptoms are being detected then the indication of scalp psoriasis are clear. In these cases consultation with a medical expert is advised. With further examinations such as skin biopsy will constitute a certain ruling. Several treatments are permissible. First sort of this is called topical treatment; it may include medicated shampoos, soaps, oils and creams. These products are easily available and they require a prescription. These prescribed objects for the treatment of scalp psoriasis are bound to contain FDA approved constituents, either Coal tar or salicylic acid or both. For the treatment of severe psoriasis other medications are used.
Various treatments for psoriasis are available, but it is very challenging to treat because of its chronic persistent nature. The treatments are best effective if used on scalp rather than on hair. As the disease is dealt with than the recurrence can be stopped by shampooing daily, with shampoo containing above mentioned elements.
Apart from the topical treatment the second type is the Office Treatment of Scalp Psoriasis. It may include the use of:
Phototherapy (either with or without laser source)
UV-Comb (A comb like hand held structure which emits UV light)
Medications are also used either by oral or injections. The FDA approved prescriptions for the treatment of this psoriasis are called biologics. Biologics medications are taken and delivered to the body by injections. Following is the biologics – alefacept (Amevive); efalizumab (Raptiva); etanercept (Enbrel); infliximab (Remicade) and ustekinumab (Stelara).
The scalp psoriasis is not completely curable but several treatments can prevent it from reoccurring. Sometimes this kind of psoriasis gets better without application of any treatment or medication. It actually takes a couple of months or more to get this skin disease under control.